Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP)
The Ministry of Human Resource Development launched in December, 2002 the “Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme of Government of India (TEQIP)” which aims to upscale and support ongoing efforts in improving quality of technical education and enhancing existing capacities of the institutions to become dynamic, demand-driven, quality conscious, efficient and forward looking, responsive to rapid economic and technological developments occurring both at national and international levels. The Programme was conceived and designed as a long term project to be implemented in 10-12 years in 3 phases to support excellence and transformation in Technical Education in the country.
TEQIP PHASE - I
TEQIP Phase I was implemented with the assistance of World Bank as a Centrally co-ordinated Central and State Sector Project with a total cost of Rs. 1389 crore. Out of this Rs. 306 crore was Central Component and the remaining Rs. 1033 crore was State Component. The program became effective in March, 2003 and closed on 31st March, 2009. 127 Institutions participated in TEQIP, out of which 18 were Centrally Funded Institutions and 109 were State Institutions. The State Institutions were from 13 States namely, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal. The 18 Central institutions include 17 NITs and NIFFT, Ranchi. The 109 State Institutions include 90 Engineering Colleges and 19 Polytechnics.
The cumulative expenditure by Centre for TEQIP Phase I was Rs. 132.80 crore which is 99% of the total Project allocation.
TEQIP PHASE- II
Based on the achievements made during TEQIP Phase-I, TEQIP Phase-II is to be implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) with the assistance of the World Bank at a total cost of Rs. 2430 crore. The Central contribution will be Rs. 1895.50 crore, out of which Rs. 1395.50 will be reimbursed by the World Bank. The State share will be Rs. 518.50 crore and the Share of Private unaided institutions will be Rs. 16 crore. The funding pattern will be 75:25 between the Centre and the participating States and for North Eastern States it will be 90:10. The TEQIP-II project is for the duration of 4 years covering about 200 institutions based on competitive funding. The Programme will be implemented from 2010-11.
Technical Education Project-III
After the successful completion of Technical Education I & Technical Education II projects launched in the Country with the assistance of World Bank, for upgradation of Polytechnics in the country. The Government had launched another project called "Technical Education III" with the assistance of World Bank and the project was directed towards developing Polytechnics in the States/Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The Project aimed at capacity expansion, Quality Enhancement and Efficiency Improvement. The Project became effective in January 2001 and ended in June 2007.
The Project covered 21 polytechnics including establishment of 9 new Polytechnics at one each at Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland & Tripura and two each at Meghalaya and Sikkim and Jammu & Kashmir. The 12 existing Polytechnics were from Andaman & Nicobar (2) Jammu & Kashmir (4), Meghalaya (1), Mizoram (2), Nagaland (2) and Tripura(1). All the Project objectives were achieved in terms of establishing new polytechnics, new programmes, enhancing enrolment including women and disadvantaged groups. The existing laboratories & workshops were modernized and new workshops and laboratories were established. Computer Centres were established in all the Polytechnics with the provision of Internet facilities. Encouragement was given for Internal Revenue Generation, Faculty and staff development and recruitment during the implementation of the Project. In spite of difficulties in location most of the institutes obtained ISO 9001-2000 Certification. Technical Vocational Education & Training (TVE&T) Programmes conducted in the Polytechnics by using existing resources provided training and skills to the unorganized sector.